St Petersburg Russia History
St. Petersburg is Russia's second largest city after Moscow and is also known as Petrograd, Leningrad or Moscow (known by a few different names throughout history). It is also known as the northern capital of the Russian Federation, the capital of Russia, as well as a port city. Since several federal institutions have recently moved from Moscow to St. Petersburg, a corresponding name, "Petersburg (Northern) Capital," is in use.
The Kremlin was the seat of government for more than two hundred years when the country's capital was St. Petersburg. In 1728 Peter II of Russia moved the capital back to Moscow, but four years later, in 1732, it became the capital of all Russia again and has been the seat of government ever since. The historical core of St. Petersburg is called Petrograd, Leningrad or Moscow (northern capital, northern Russia). There is no evidence that the city of St. Petersburg was a separate federal subject of Russia or a capital.
It is a city that has captured the imagination with its European design and atmosphere, but for so many it may still be the decidedly Russian - the city's bebe. Indeed, in this new cultural capital of Russia, St. Petersburg best embodies the Petrine Revolution. Peter, who had seen it as Russia's window to the West, finally fulfilled that early promise.
Only in the fortified Novgorod Kremlin and its fortified citadel do we get a sense of the historical significance of the place. Tsar Peter the Great grew up in Moscow, which was largely made of wood, and even his palace and Kremlin were built of wood. Since the land was uninhabitable, he ordered the serfs to build St. Petersburg like any other city in Russia. Peter forbade all stonemasons who wanted to come to help build the new city, but even the tsar's palaces and the Kremlin had to be built from wood.
Today, the Peter and Paul Fortress houses the St. Petersburg National Museum and the St. Petersburg Art Museum. The Mint of St. Petersburg (Monetny Dvor) is the only place in Russia that mints Russian coins, medals and badges, besides Goznak and Moscow. It is also named after the oldest and largest Russian foundry, Monumentskulptura, which made the statues that now adorn the main square of the city and many other buildings, such as the Cathedral of Christ the Savior.
St. Petersburg is named in Russian after its founder Peter the Great, the founder of the Russian Empire, who was in the city of Peter and Paul Fortress near St. Petersburg, Russia. Saint Petersburg is the second largest city in Russia and the third largest in Europe after Moscow. From the day it was founded until his death in 1855, it served as the capital of the Russian tsar for more than two hundred years. On the first day of his reign, 1 January 1856, the anniversary of his foundation, Saint Petersburg was proclaimed the new capital of Russia, proclaimed by Peter the Great and heard by his son-in-law, Emperor Alexander II, and the emperor's wife, Tsarina Catherine II.
In 1712 St. Petersburg became the capital of Russia, and the royal family and the nobility lived in the city for more than two hundred years, until the end of the Russian Empire in 1855. The city has been a Russian capital since the time of Peter the Great and his son-in-law, Emperor Alexander II.
The city soon became a center of science and art, and Russia's eventual victory triggered the development of St. Petersburg centers such as the Academy of Sciences, the Imperial Academy, and the Institute of Natural History. In 1855, St. Petersburg was named the capital of the Russian Empire, which put Moscow second, and St. Petersburg second, in population and economic power.
Indeed, Saint Petersburg, Russia, is probably the only city in the world to have achieved so much historical significance in such a short period of time. The end of the 20th century marked the beginning of the transformation of St. Petersburg into the most famous city in Russia. Novgorod has made such significant contributions to the nation's culture, but there is no evidence that Moscow and St Petersburg have enhanced it, and they have much in common.
From a local perspective, the history of St. Petersburg has been the greatest strength of the Russian city, and it bears the greatest resemblance to that of Moscow and Novgorod.
The story begins on the small island in the Neva Delta, where the Russian Tsar Peter the Great founded a small fortress, which was one of the most important fortresses of his empire. Peter moved the capital to St Petersburg, and it was to him that he gave the fortress as a fortress.
After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, the inhabitants of the city voted in a referendum for the restoration of the name given by Peter the Great, St. Petersburg. As the New York Times reported at the time, some saw it as a way to "restore" the name of St. Petersburg and forget about reclaiming its original Russian heritage. This is not the only name change St Petersburg has undergone since Leningrad was renamed after regaining its original name in 1991. The history of St. Petersburg says that after the war against the Nazis, many Russians had a great task ahead of them.